Punches are generally faster than kicks and much easier to throw. Punches use much
smaller muscles than kicks and therefore require must less energy expenditure. It is also
much easier to hit someone in the head or face with a punch than a kick. So for these
reasons, punches tend to be used far more than kicks, especially when sparring.
Traditionally in kickboxing (and boxing), fighters keep their dominant side in the rear,
maximizing on a strong rear leg push and hip rotation to achieve power. Since most fighters
are right-handed, the following descriptions maintain this assumption. In kickboxing, there
are four basic punches, each with their own variations. These are the jab, cross, hook, and
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       Kicks are much more powerful than punches since they use much larger muscle
groups in the legs. Since the leg is longer than the arm, kicks have a much greater reach as
well. However, kicks require a greater amount of energy, therefore they tend to tire a fighter
much faster. Also, kicks can get jammed when the combat distance becomes too close. Since
most fighters tend to favour punches, amateur and professional kickboxing matches usually
have a minimum kicking requirement of eight kicks per round. With the exception of the
back-kick, kicks can be performed with the front leg or the back leg, the former usually
sacrificing power for speed. Generally, there are four basic kicks in kickboxing: front kick,
roundhouse kick, side kick, and back-kick. There are other kicks as well but they are more
eclectic in nature and much less often used.
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Thai Boxing

        Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, is a full-contact fighting art originating in Thailand. It has
very similar techniques as those found in kickboxing. However, Thai boxing is often labeled
as a brutal sport because of the allowance of elbow strikes, knee strikes, and leg kicks,
making the shin kick extremely popular. Because of the powerful nature of Thai boxing
techniques, and because they also make excellent self-defense techniques, the techniques of
Muay Thai always find a way into our CSL Fitness Kickboxing routine.
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        Kickboxing defenses are those techniques that are used to avoid being hit by an
opponent. Although there is no sparring at CSL Fitness Kickboxing, we still practice defensive
techniques because learning how to avoid being hit is essential, especially in a self-defense
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        Footwork is extremely important in kickboxing. It allows a fighter to close in on an
opponent, retreat, or circle around the opponent. Footwork can be combined with attacks
and defenses, helping to gain new points of entry. Ultimately, footwork serves to get the
opponent "off their game" and to confuse them, making sure they never know how you are
going to move. All footwork starts from a fighting stance, feet hip width apart, left leg in front,
knees slightly bent, and guard in front of chin.
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