Defenses

Cover
        A cover, or covering-up, is performed by pressing the hands and arms tight against the head or body, serving to block the opponent's
target. The head or the body can be covered, or even both at the same time if the fighter is in a hunched position. Almost instinctual, this is
probably the simplest defense in kickboxing. Its shortcoming is that one doesn't actually avoid being hit. For this defense to work, the arms
must absorb the blow. In kickboxing, sometimes the knee can be raised as a cover technique to protect the body. Covering-up, although
popular with professional fighters, is usually not the choice of the layman fighter. Most people would rather not absorb a blow if they can
avoid being hit altogether. This is especially true when covering the head since, even if you cover up, the head will still receive some shock of
the blow.

Bob & Weave
        Usually used to defend against a hook punch to the head, one must lower the body by bending the knees and move laterally and to
the outside of the punch. This allows the fighter to drop beneath the hook punch and come out on the other side.

Slip
        The slip, or "slipping the punch," requires a very small lateral movement to avoid a straight punch to the head. In essence, this small
movement allows the opponent's punch to "slip by" the head, just missing its intended target. Sometimes this defense is accompanied by a
slight forward movement in order to slip and counter-punch at the same time, a technique very hard to defend against.

Blocking
       Blocking, or parrying, is accomplished by using the hand or arm to cause an attack to deviate from its intended target. Blocking
techniques are probably the least common defensive technique in kickboxing, at least versus punches, because they are slower than the
other defenses. Blocks also tend to leave openings for the opponent to attack. It should be noted that, in the case of legs kicks (Muay Thai), it
is not uncommon to use one's own shin to block an incoming leg kick (yes, ouch).

Retreat
      The retreat is not really a defensive technique but rather it is footwork that is used to move away from the opponent as they launch
an attack. As the opponent throws an attack, one moves backwards away from the attack so that it cannot reach. This is a very simple and
safe defense but keep in mind that it takes you out of attacking range as well.

Clinch
     The clinch is used when fighters get too close to each other. They basically wrap their arms around each other, almost like hugging, in
order to prevent any powerful kicks or punches from landing. This also creates a small pause in the fight, allowing both fighters to gain a few
seconds rest. When ring fighting, the referee will always break up a clinch. In Thai boxing, the referee will not necessarily break the clinch,
instead allowing the fighters to throw knees and elbows. Also in Thai boxing, the fighters will try to clinch by squeezing the opponent's neck
in between their forearms. Although clinching is a viable defense, we do not practice clinching at CSL Fitness Kickboxing.